By Reiko Ohnuma
Head, Eyes, Flesh, and Blood is the 1st accomplished research of a valuable narrative subject in premodern South Asian Buddhist literature: the Buddha's physically self-sacrifice in the course of his prior lives as a bodhisattva. engaging in shut readings of news from Sanskrit, Pali, chinese language, and Tibetan literature written among the 3rd century B.C.E. and the overdue medieval interval, Reiko Ohnuma argues that this subject matter has had an immense impression at the improvement of Buddhist philosophy and culture.
Whether he is taking the shape of king, prince, ascetic, elephant, hare, serpent, or god, the bodhisattva time and again supplies his physique or elements of his flesh to others. He leaps into fires, drowns himself within the ocean, rips out his tusks, gouges out his eyes, and we could mosquitoes drink from his blood, constantly out of selflessness and compassion and to accomplish the top country of Buddhahood.
Ohnuma locations those tales right into a discrete subgenre of South Asian Buddhist literature and methods them like case stories, studying their plots, characterizations, and rhetoric. She then relates the subject of the Buddha's physically self-sacrifice to significant conceptual discourses within the heritage of Buddhism and South Asian religions, comparable to the kinds of the reward, the physique (both traditional and extraordinary), kingship, sacrifice, ritual delivering, and death.
Head, Eyes, Flesh, and Blood unearths a really refined and influential conception of the physique in South Asian Buddhist literature and highlights the way those tales have supplied a big cultural source for Buddhists. mixed along with her wealthy and cautious translations of vintage texts, Ohnuma introduces a complete new knowing of an essential inspiration in Buddhists studies.
By Chan Master Sheng Yen
By Vesna A. Wallace
The publication covers ancient occasions, social and political stipulations, and influential personages in Mongolian Buddhism from the 16th century to the current, and addresses the creative and literary expressions of Mongolian Buddhism and numerous Mongolian Buddhist practices and beliefs.
By Geshe Kelsang Gyatso
A transparent and simple advent to Tibetan Buddhism, this publication offers the elemental teachings of Buddha in a fashion that folks can conveniently understand and positioned into perform of their day-by-day lives. themes similar to reincarnation, activities and their results, vacancy, liberation and enlightenment are mentioned.
Designed basically for these coming to the topic for the 1st time, the publication additionally deals new insights for the extra complicated pupil of Tibetan Buddhism. initially released in 1989.
By N. Harry Rothschild,Leslie V. Wallace
Behaving Badly in Early and Medieval China offers a rogues’ gallery of treacherous regicides, impious priests, cutthroat underlings, ill-bred offspring, and disloyal officers. It plumbs the darkish subject of the human , putting entrance and heart transgressive contributors and teams frequently demonized by way of Confucian annalists and principally kept away from via smooth students. The paintings endeavors to understand the activities and motivations of those women and men, whose behavior deviated from normative social, cultural, and spiritual expectations.
Early chapters study how center Confucian bonds resembling these among mom and dad and kids, and ruler and minister, have been compromised, even severed. The dwelling didn't regularly reverently pay homage to the lifeless, kids didn't honor their mom and dad with due filiality, a decorous distance was once now not inevitably saw among sons and stepmothers, and topics frequently pursued their very own pursuits earlier than these of the ruler or the kingdom. the pliancy of formality and social norms is explored: Chapters on brazen jap Han (25–220) mourners and deviant calligraphers, audacious falconers, risky Tang (618–907) Buddhist priests, and drunken music (960–1279) literati display social norms handled now not as common truths yet as debated questions of flavor in which political and social expedience either made up our minds and highlighted person roles inside higher social constructions and outlined what was once and was once now not aberrant.
A Confucian predilection to “valorize [the] civil and disparage the martial” and Buddhist proscriptions on killing led literati and priests alike to sentence the cruelty and chaos of conflict. The publication scrutinizes cultural attitudes towards army motion and struggle, together with these surrounding the bloody and capricious international of the Zuozhuan (Chronicle of Zuo), the relentless violence of the 5 Dynasties and Ten States sessions (907–979), and the exploits of Tang warrior priests—a sequence of reviews that complicates the rhetoric by way of situating it in the turbulent realities of the days. by way of the top of this quantity, readers will come away with the certainty that behaving badly in early and medieval China was once no longer approximately morality yet point of view, politics, and power.
By Rebecca Redwood French,Mark A. Nathan
By Barend ter Haar
Ter Haar convincingly demonstrates that the Non-Action Teachings used to be now not messianic or millenarian in orientation and had not anything to do with different new spiritual teams and networks routinely labelled as White Lotus Teachings. It mixed Chan and natural Land practices with a robust self-identity and vegetarianism and actively insisted at the correct of unfastened perform. participants of the move created a starting place fable during which Ming (1368–1644) emperor Zhengde bestowed the ideal upon their legendary forefather. additionally, they produced an imperial proclamation wherein Emperor Kangxi of the Qing (1645–1911) granted the crowd related privileges.
Thanks to its specialist dealing with of a good quantity and diversity of extant resources, practising Scripture depicts one of many few lay events in conventional China that may be understood in a few intensity, either by way of its spiritual content material and background and its social setting. The paintings should be welcomed through China experts in spiritual and Buddhist stories and social history.
By Kyoko Motomuchi Nakamura
Nakamura's booklet is really works in a single: first an creation to the Nihon ryoiki, after which an annotated translation. The advent analyzes the lifetime of the writer and the impact of past writings, and gives a necessary synthesis of the area view mirrored within the work.
The annotated translation renders the multiple hundred tales into English narrative, with copious notes. tricky phrases are pointed out within the textual content with the unique chinese language characters, whereas historic issues and Buddhist technical phrases are defined within the footnotes.
By Michelle Mary Lelwica
Shameful our bodies: faith and the tradition of actual development explores those questions by way of studying how conventional non secular narratives and glossy philosophical assumptions come jointly within the development and pursuit of a higher physique in modern western societies. Drawing on examples from pop culture similar to self-help books, magazines, and ads, Michelle Mary Lelwica exhibits how those narratives and assumptions motivate us to visit warfare opposed to our bodies-to struggle fats, overcome incapacity, triumph over persistent soreness and affliction, and defy getting older. via an ethic of conquest and conformity, the tradition of actual development trains us not just to think that each one physically methods are less than our keep an eye on, yet to consider ashamed approximately these elements of our flesh that refuse to conform with the cultural perfect. Lelwica argues that such disgrace isn't a common reaction to being fats, bodily impaired, chronically ailing, or previous. particularly, physique disgrace is a religiously and culturally conditioned response to a commercially-fabricated myth of actual perfection.
While Shameful Bodies evaluations the spiritual and cultural norms and narratives that perpetuate exterior and internalized judgment and aggression towards "shameful” our bodies, it additionally engages the assets of religions, specially feminist theologies and Buddhist thought/practice, to build a extra putting forward method of well-being and healing-an method that affirms the variety, fragility, interdependence, and impermanence of embodied life.